By Harold G. Marcus
Surveying the evolution of the oldest African state from prehistoric to fashionable instances, this research demonstrates that there's extra to Ethiopia's life than colonial common sense. It indicates how geography, economics and tradition have served to unite Ethiopians opposed to fractionalization.
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Additional info for A History of Ethiopia
Meanwhile, the art of government and politics had stultified, with dangerous prospects for the future. The fault lay mostly with the nature of the monarchy and its supporting institutions. Succession had always been a problem, since there was no concept of primogeniture, and kings could choose from among their male children, causing intrigue, squabbling, and civil war. To ensure tranquility, emperors stored their potential rivals on Amba Gishan, a steep-sided, fiat-topped mountain fortress with only one closely guarded access.
Even at court, clergy presented opposite views: the abun, the hierarchy, and the secular clergy stood with the Alexandrian church, but royal chaplains and monks taught the holiness of the Sabbath. Although the Ewostathians' stubbornness had won them recognition and legality, their monks continued to refuse the church's discipline. The moment for compromise came when Abuna Bartolomewos died in 1436. ). They and the emperor forthrightly discussed the church's problems and the overriding need for theological uniformity.
They administered their localities, supplied soldiers and animals during wartime, demanded service from their subjects, and collected taxes in kind. The dues and corvée varied widely from region to region, depending on fertility, security, recency of conquest, religion, social cohesion, and whatever the emperor demanded for tribute. The gulf lords enjoyed almost untrammeled local power, which they exercised in the monarch's name under the watchful eyes of the local imperial garrison. html[1/18/2011 6:02:12 PM] next page > page_20 < previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 6.