By Bengt Sundkler
В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:
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Additional resources for A History of the Church in Africa
Of special interest for our history is a picture on the east wall of the Bishop's Hall in the Faras Cathedral. It shows the Madonna and Saint Peter, the bishop's Patron Saint, together with Bishop Petros, the latter with a dark brown face indicating the de®nitive Africanization of the hierarchy at this time. It is claimed that this picture was made during the lifetime of the bishop who died in 999. About 926 the Faras cathedral was hit by ®re but was later reconstructed. Finally, around 1170, the cathedral dome and the nave vault were destroyed, although for a time the side aisles could still be used for worship.
But somehow these speculations come a little late. History will have to take consolation from von Harnack's version of these matters. The great historian of the early Church, Adolf von Harnack, in his Mission und Ausbreitung (®rst published in 1915), takes a ®nal look at the fate of the Christian Church in North Africa. He concludes his chapter on North Africa: 30 the beginnings As a Church province, Africa has a timeless endurance in the history of the Church through its three great sons Tertullian, St Cyprian, and St Augustine.
According to them the true Church consists of holy members. They felt that they could rely on Tertullian's and Cyprian's authority for their standpoint. Particularly abhorrent in their eyes were the traditores, such Catholic bishops who had, in times of persecution, `handed over' the Holy Scriptures to be burned in order to placate the demands of the pagan state. The Donatists were likely to identify their Catholic adversaries with such traditores. In this struggle the Donatists, according to Augustine, represented a `heresy' and through his long struggle on this front Augustine managed to stamp them with this mark.