By John Thornton
This e-book indicates how very important the African position was once in shaping the Atlantic global that constructed after the navigational breakthroughs of the 15th century. The measure of African initiative displayed during this interval is under pressure, either via African elites in facing the hot viewers and buying and selling companions and, even by way of African slaves within the New global. flippantly divided into sections on Africa and Africans within the New global, this research stresses cultural and institutional backgrounds to Africa and African slaves. even though the e-book is meant to assist Africanists know the way Africans fared within the Americas, its major goal is to offer readers accustomed to Afro-American background a fuller and extra dynamic imaginative and prescient of Africa, to allow them to see the African slave as an African and never simply as a laborer.
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Additional info for Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680
Gasparrini-Leporace), pp. 82-4. ••s Gomes related his mission in "De prima inuentione Gujnee," in Fernandes, "Descric;a," fols. 272-83 (this is the foliation of the original text). •o6 Hieronymous Munzer, "ltinerarium," 23 November 1494, MMN 1:247-8. Some of these diplomats are known: Records exist for missions from Kongo, Benin, Labida, and Jolof, all to Lisbon. 39 "'7 Alonso Fernandez de Palencia, Cronica de Enrique 1\1, 5 vols. (Madrid, 1904-9), 4:127. For example, Cavendish's attack in August 1586 and Cumberland's in October 1586, of which various accounts have been gathered and edited in P.
But the task also required strong political or economic motives before it would be undertaken. An older, romantic school of historians maintained that Europeans undertook this exploration for the pure 1 joy of discovery or to break the Moslem stranglehold on the eastern <. trade. J6 This romantic vision has been reduced to more mundane dimensions by the work of Portuguese historians, especially Duarte Leite and Vitorino Magalhaes-Godinho. J7 Under such conditions the capital costs were small, profits and returns were all but certain, and the potential for dramatic discoveries was limited.
7-8. n See Damrao Peres, Hrst6rra dos descobrimentos, 2d ed. (Coimbra, 196o), pp. 78-87, citing a map of Gabriel Valseca dated 1439. 78 Duncan, A~lantic Islands, P: 1~. Colonization of the "seven newly discovered islands" was begun m 1439 (Authonzabon of Infante Henrique, 2 July 1439, Monumenta Henricina 6:334). 19 Alvise da Mosto, "Mondo Novo" (title from one of four recensions) (modern ed. Tullia eo Gasparrini-Leporace, Le 11avigazione at/antiche de A/vise da Mosto [Milan, 1966)), p. 17. Zurara, Cr6nica, chap.