By Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart
This e-book emphasises well known responses to the epidemic, neighborhood and nationwide interventions and problems with care.
Read or Download AIDS: Responses, Interventions and Care: Responses, Interventions & Care (Social Aspects of Aids Series) PDF
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Extra resources for AIDS: Responses, Interventions and Care: Responses, Interventions & Care (Social Aspects of Aids Series)
1989) and personal conversation. N = 320; Hepatitis B vaccine trial; recruited through San Francisco City Clinic; seronegative for Hepatitis B at recruitment. London: Jenkins; P. (1990) and personal conversation. N = 318; recruited January 1982– March 1985 from St Mary’s GUM STD clinic, and volunteers recruited through gay newspaper. measured by adding up awareness of different transmission modes, symptoms and medical treatment. It was assumed that, like weights on a scale, the ‘heavier’ the awareness, the more likely it was that the scales would tip to safer sex.
In some instances, as suggested by the rational man framework, this is a calculated risk, often based on inaccurate information. In other instances, however, it may reflect the fact that neither partner wanted to be ‘punished’ by withholding sex or causing potential conflict within the relationship. 5 under partner status suggests the importance of peer and social pressure. In communities such as San Francisco and New York in the late 1970s and early 1980s, multiple partners and unsafe sex became, for a large number of men, the social norm.
Many men thus avoided change which they found overly difficult or because messages were perceived as false. Perhaps the most widely adopted, and the most misleading, advice given early in the HIV epidemic was the reduction of the number of partners. During the height of the HIV epidemic, this precaution, unaccompanied by safer sex practices, often provided minimal reduction in risk. Although much later material provided less ambiguous information about risk, these early messages still continue to fuel many CHANGING TO SAFER SEX 35 inaccurate perceptions which lead to underestimation of personal risk, and the continued practice of unsafe sex.