Download Ancient Concepts of Philosophy by William Jordan;Dr William Jordan PDF

By William Jordan;Dr William Jordan

ISBN-10: 0415089409

ISBN-13: 9780415089401

Historic suggestions of Philosophy units the paintings of the ancients within the context of modern wondering the character and cost of philosophy. William Jordan questions what we will research from the traditional philosopher's various conceptions of definitely the right existence. He argues that old philosophy was once tied even more heavily to methods of existence, and lived as much as its acceptance because the look for knowledge. Jordan lines the emergence of the concept that the thinker leads a particular and uniquely worthwhile way of life. This historical inspiration of philosophy, he argues, is the only which differs so much markedly from our personal.

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It is, rather, an understanding of the logos which is embedded in the world itself, and is mirrored in Heraclitus’ writing. Does Heraclitus, then, share Plato’s reservations about the written word? Clearly not: his book encapsulates the truth about reality as he sees it, and there is no suggestion that he could make things a good deal clearer in an oral presentation, or in a question and answer session. Heraclitus does share one crucial theme with Plato, however, and that is the theme of understanding.

Only six or seven of Zeno’s dialectical arguments do survive; small wonder, then, that commentators continue to disagree about how we should understand Zeno’s motivation. Still, let us move on and ask about replies to sceptical arguments, an area where Lear and Kripke have recently produced ideas of great interest. Lear has argued persuasively that in responding to a sceptical argument, a philosopher is not necessarily aiming to produce a reply that will argue the sceptic out of his scepticism (Lear, 1980, 1981, 1988).

Thus he sets his successors—such as Aristotle, in this case, the task of showing how motion is possible, of explaining, or accounting for motion. The task is not to demonstrate that we do move (we all know that already). The point of the philosophical enterprise, on this view, is, rather, that we understand motion (or, perhaps, our everyday or scientific beliefs about motion) better as a result of this process. Whether all history of philosophy can be fitted into this schema is a moot point. We have already seen some philosophers in action; and Zeno is the first we have encountered who seems to fit the bill at all well.

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