Download An Introduction to Quantum Optics : Photon and Biphoton by Yanhua Shih PDF

By Yanhua Shih

ISBN-10: 1420012487

ISBN-13: 9781420012484

Entrance hide; commitment; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; writer; bankruptcy 1. Electromagnetic Wave idea and dimension of sunshine; bankruptcy 2. Coherence estate of Light-The country of the Radiation; bankruptcy three. Diffraction and Propagation; bankruptcy four. Optical Imaging; bankruptcy five. First-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 6. Second-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 7. Homodyne Detection and Heterodyne Detection of

Chapter eleven. Quantum ImagingChapter 12. Two-Photon Interferometry-I: Biphoton Interference; bankruptcy thirteen. Two-Photon Interferometry-II: Quantum Interference of Chaotic-Thermal mild; bankruptcy 14. Bell's Theorem and Bell's Inequality dimension; again cover.

Electromagnetic Wave concept and dimension of LightElectromagnetic Wave concept of LightClassical SuperpositionMeasurement of LightIntensity of sunshine: Expectation and FluctuationMeasurement of depth: Ensemble normal and Time AverageCoherence estate of Light-The nation of the RadiationCoherence estate of LightTemporal CoherenceSpatial CoherenceDiffraction and PropagationDiffractionField PropagationOptical ImagingA vintage Imaging SystemFourier rework through a LensFirst-Order Coherence of LightFirst-Order Temporal CoherenceFirst-Order Spatial CoherenceSecond-Order Coherence of LightSecon. Read more...

summary: entrance hide; commitment; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; writer; bankruptcy 1. Electromagnetic Wave thought and dimension of sunshine; bankruptcy 2. Coherence estate of Light-The nation of the Radiation; bankruptcy three. Diffraction and Propagation; bankruptcy four. Optical Imaging; bankruptcy five. First-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 6. Second-Order Coherence of sunshine; bankruptcy 7. Homodyne Detection and Heterodyne Detection of sunshine; bankruptcy eight. Quantum conception of sunshine: box Quantization and size; bankruptcy nine. Quantum concept of Optical Coherence; bankruptcy 10. Quantum Entanglement.

Chapter eleven. Quantum ImagingChapter 12. Two-Photon Interferometry-I: Biphoton Interference; bankruptcy thirteen. Two-Photon Interferometry-II: Quantum Interference of Chaotic-Thermal mild; bankruptcy 14. Bell's Theorem and Bell's Inequality dimension; again cover.

Electromagnetic Wave thought and size of LightElectromagnetic Wave concept of LightClassical SuperpositionMeasurement of LightIntensity of sunshine: Expectation and FluctuationMeasurement of depth: Ensemble regular and Time AverageCoherence estate of Light-The nation of the RadiationCoherence estate of LightTemporal CoherenceSpatial CoherenceDiffraction and PropagationDiffractionField PropagationOptical ImagingA vintage Imaging SystemFourier remodel through a LensFirst-Order Coherence of LightFirst-Order Temporal CoherenceFirst-Order Spatial CoherenceSecond-Order Coherence of LightSecon

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Quantum Optics : Photon and Biphoton Physics

Example text

The unavoidable time average caused by the slow response time of a measurement device may yield the same constant value as the expectation value of chaotic-thermal light, however, the physics behind these two types of “averaging” is very different. The time average is physically imposed by the slow time-resolving ability of the measurement device. The constant obtained from the expectation operation is the result of a superposition, which may not be simply treated as an “averaging,” especially in the case of coherent superposition.

The intensity is a function of time t deterministically, but fluctuates from pulse to pulse. 5 Measurement of Intensity: Ensemble Average and Time Average In classical theory of light, an idealized point photodetector measures the instantaneous intensity of radiation I(r, t) at space-time coordinate (r, t). 46) where δI denotes the difference. Note, the coordinate (r, t) has been dropped from I(r, t) since r and t are both fixed in this measurement. Suppose we are not making one measurement but a large number of independent measurements simultaneously on a set of identical radiation fields under the same experimental condition.

The jth group of Fourier-modes have a common phase at r = 0, t = t0j . The instantaneous intensity is thus: I(r, t) = | F(τ −t01 ) {a(ν)} |2 + | F(τ −t02 ) {a(ν)} |2 ∗ + 2Re e−iω0 (t02 −t01 ) F(τ −t01 ) {a(ν)} · F(τ −t02 ) {a(ν)} . 9 is the interference term. Either observable or unobservable, it will contribute to the resulting light intensity. The visibility of the interference is determined by the following two factors: (1) the overlapping or nonoverlapping of the wavepacket and (2) the phase difference of ω0 (t02 − t01 ).

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